The Bar Council of India is a statutory body that regulates and represents the Indian bar. It was created by Parliament under the Advocates Act, 1961. It prescribes standards of professional conduct, etiquettes and exercises disciplinary jurisdiction over the bar. It also sets standards for legal education and grants recognition to Universities whose degree in law will serve as a qualification for students to enroll themselves as advocates upon graduation.
Enrollment of advocates
Eligible persons are admitted as advocates on the rolls of the State Bar Councils. The Advocates Act, 1961 empowers State Bar Councils to frame their own rules regarding enrollment of advocates. The Council’s Enrollment Committee may scrutinize a candidate’s application. Those admitted as advocates by any State Bar Council are eligible for a Certificate of Enrollment.
All applicants for enrollment as advocates are required under Section 24 (1) (f) of the Advocates Act, 1961 to pay an enrollment fee of Rs.600/- (Rupees Six hundred only) to the respective State Bar Council and Rs.150/- (Rupees One hundred Fifty only) to the Bar Council of India. These payments should be made using separate demand drafts.
The Bar Council of India has various committees that make recommendations to the Council. The members of these committees are elected from amongst the members of the Council.
The Executive Committee is the head authority of the Council and responsible for giving effect to the resolutions of the Council. The chairman is Shri Milan Kumar Dey. The committee’s duties are to: 1. Manage and invest funds in a manner directed by the Council 2. Grant leave to staff members 3. Prescribe books of account, registers and files for the proper management of the Council’s affairs 4. Assign and supervise the staff’s work and define the conditions of service 5. Appoint auditors and determine their pay 6. Present the annual audit report, administration report and statement of account to the Council 7. Maintain a library and issue legal publications 8. Determine allowances to members of the different committees of the Council as well as staff members 9. Delegate any of the powers to the Chairman and/or Vice Chairman
Legal Education Committee
The Legal Education Committee make recommendations to the Bar Council of India on matters related to legal education. The Legal Education Committee has the authority to set standards of legal education, visit and inspect universities, recommend the pre requisites for foreign advocates practicing law in India, recommend recognition or discontinuance of a law degree from a University. The Chairman, presently Hon’ble Mr. Justice A. P. Misra, is elected by the members of the committee.
The disciplinary committee of the Bar Council of India reviews applications by persons against summary dismissal of their complaints against advocates for professional misconduct, by the State Bar Councils.
Appeals lie before the Bar Council of India against orders of the disciplinary committees of the State Bar Councils. Every such appeal is heard by the disciplinary committee of the Bar Council of India, which may pass an order, including an order varying the punishment awarded by the disciplinary committee of the State Bar Council. Each disciplinary committee consists of three members. The term of the members of this committee is three years.
FullName Welfare Committee
The Advocates Welfare Committee looks into applications made by advocates for welfare funds. It verifies the application and provides funds. The Advocates Welfare committee is certified by the Advocates Welfare Fund Act, 2001.
Legal Aid Committee
The Legal Aid Committee provides aids to those requiring legal assistance.
The Building Committee is responsible for setting up offices for the Council.
The Rules Committee reviews the rules and regulations of the Council.